While both IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affect the gastrointestinal or digestive tract, the two are very different conditions.
UC and CD are the two most common types of IBD, and are chronic diseases marked by inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. UC only involves the large intestine as opposed to CD, which can affect any part of the GI tract from mouth to anus. CD can also affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall, while UC only involves the innermost lining of the large intestine.
IBS is a disorder characterized most commonly by cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and/or diarrhea. IBS causes a great deal of discomfort and distress, and over time can lead to hemorrhoids, malnutrition and psychological issues for patients.
It is important for any person experiencing gastrointestinal distress to discuss their symptoms with a healthcare provider to receive a diagnosis and proper treatment.